resolution property CSS Reference

Definition and Usage

The <resolution> CSS data types, used in media queries, denotes the density of pixels of an output device, its resolution. It is a <number> immediately followed by a unit of resolution (dpi, dpcm, ...). Like for any CSS dimension, there is no space between the unit literal and the number.

On screens, the length related to CSS inches, centimeters or pixels, not on physical values.

Even if all units represent the same resolution for the value 0, the unit may not be omitted in that case as it isn't a <length>: 0 is invalid and does not represent 0dpi, 0dpcm, nor 0dppx.


This unit represents the number of dots per inch. A screen typically contains 72 or 96 dpi; a printed document usually reach much greater dpi. As 1 inch is 2.54 cm, 1dpi ~= 2.54dpcm.
This unit represents the number of dots per centimeter. As 1 inch is 2.54 cm, 1dpcm ~= 0.39dpi.
This unit represents the number of dots per px unit. Due to the 1:96 fixed ratio of CSS in to CSS px, 1dppx is equivalent to 96dpi, that corresponds to the default resolution of images displayed in CSS as defined by image-resolution.


Here are some correct uses of <resolution> values:

96dpi                                              Correct use: a <number> (here an <integer>) followed by the unit.
@media print and (min-resolution: 300dpi) { ... }  Correct use in the context of a media query.

Here are some incorrect uses:

72 dpi                                             Incorrect: no spaces allowed between the <number> and the unit.
ten dpi                                            Incorrect: only digits must be used.
0                                                  Incorrect: the unit can be omitted for 0 values only for <length>.


Desktop browsers

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 29 3.5 (1.9.1) [**] 9 9.5 Not supported
dppx 29 16.0 (16.0) NA 12.10 NA

Mobile browsers

Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support Not supported yes NA yes Not supported
dppx NA 16.0 (16.0) NA 12.10 NA

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