table-layout property CSS Reference

Definition and Usage

The table-layout CSS property defines the algorithm to be used to layout the table cells, rows, and columns.

  • Initial auto
  • Applies to table and inline-table elements
  • Inherited no
  • Media visual
  • Computed Value as specified
  • Animatable no
  • Canonical order the unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar


Formal syntax: auto | fixed
table-layout: auto
table-layout: fixed
table-layout: inherit


An automatic table layout algorithm is commonly used by most browsers for table layout. The width of the table and its cells depends on the content thereof.
Table and column widths are set by the widths of table and col elements or by the width of the first row of cells. Cells in subsequent rows do not affect column widths. Under the "fixed" layout method, the entire table can be rendered once the first table row has been downloaded and analyzed. This can speed up rendering time over the "automatic" layout method, but subsequent cell content may not fit in the column widths provided. Any cell that has content that overflows uses the overflow property to determine whether to clip the overflow content.


.contentbox {
  table-layout: fixed;


Desktop browsers

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support NA  - 14.0 +  1.0 (1.7 or earlier) 5.0 7.0 1.0

Mobile browsers

Feature Android Chrome for Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support NA 1.5 NA NA NA NA 9.8.0 NA 3.0

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