active property CSS Reference

Definition and Usage

The :active CSS pseudo-class matches when an element is being activated by the user. It allows the page to give a feedback that the activation has been detected by the browser. When interacting with a mouse, this is typically the time between the user presses the mouse button and releases it. The :active pseudo-class is also typically matched when using the keyboard tab key. It is frequently used on <a> and <button> HTML elements, but may not be limited to just those.

This style may be overridden by any other link-related pseudo-classes, that is :link, :hover, and :visited, appearing in subsequent rules. In order to style appropriately links, you need to put the :active rule after all the other link-related rules, as defined by the LVHA-order: :link - :visited - :hover - :active.

Note: On systems with multi-button mice, CSS 3 specifies that the :active pseudo-class must only apply to the primary button; on right-handed mice, this is typically the leftmost button.



    <h1>:active CSS selector example</h1>
    <p>The following link will turn lime during the time you click it and release the click: <a href="#">Mozilla Developer Network</a>.</p>


body { background-color: #ffffc9 }
a:link { color: blue } /* unvisited links */
a:visited { color: purple } /* visited links */
a:hover { font-weight: bold } /* user hovers */
a:active { color: lime } /* active links */


Desktop browsers

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Support on the <a> element 1.0 1.0 (1.7 or earlier) 4.0 5.0 1.0
Support on any element 1.0 1.0 (1.7 or earlier) 8.0 7.0 NA

Mobile browsers

Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Support on the <a> element 1.0 1.0 (1.0) 6.0 6.0 1.0
Support on any element 1.0 1.0 (1.0) NA NA NA

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